Predavanje i seminar sa Filipom Valguarnerom Predavanje i seminar će se odvijati na engleskom jeziku. petak 3. mart 2017, u 17 časova Sala na I spratu instituta
Predavanje i seminar sa Filipom Valguarnerom
Predavanje i seminar će se odvijati na engleskom jeziku.
petak 3. mart 2017, u 17 časova
Sala na I spratu instituta
Legal Ideology and the Commons: Why Are Jurists Falling Behind?
The last quarter of a century has featured a surge in interest and studies on the commons, spearheaded, of course, by the efforts of Elinor Ostrom. These efforts have problematized the once well-established paradigm of the tragedy of the commons most clearly described by Garrett Hardin in 1968. One could say that the commons, thus, have become a fundamental field of study in most social sciences.
This is not the case in the field of legal scholarship (with one noticeable exception that I will discuss later), which leads me to the overarching issue of this presentation, namely the difficult relationship between jurists and the commons. The phrase “difficult relationship” does not refer to an explicit antagonism, but to something even worse: complete indifference and a scandalous lack of knowledge. While my main purpose is to try to explain this sorry state of affairs, I also hope to make a more general point on the nature of law and legal change. In this sense, the commons can be considered a case-study in legal theory.
The main issue of this presentation can be articulated in a few sub-questions:
a) What is the status of commons in the Western European legal discourse?
b) Why do most legal scholars pay such a poor attention to the growing literature on the commons in other disciplines? What factors contribute to this peculiar case of cultural deafness?
c) What promise of improvement does the future hold?
Law, Institutions and Commons
subota 4. mart 2016, od 10 časova
Sala na I spratu instituta
After Elinor Ostrom’s seminal work, commons was ceased to be treated as a subject of an inherent tragedy. Common pool resources gained an autonomous position in the classification of goods. In the following decades, institutional economists accumulated an immense amount of case studies showing the specific dynamics of resource allocation and participant interactions that are invisible from the standpoint of the (selfish and rational) homo economicus. Further on, historical studies have accounted for commons as the institutional reality of pre-capitalist period that were the object of what Marx termed ’’primitive accumulation’’. In between these two strands of research, a third one is emerging. In contrast to both, this strand approaches commons as essentially legal (contra Ostrom) and essentially actual (contra historical approaches) reality. Comparative legal scholars are making a far reaching effort to investigate the different ways that legal systems have accommodated for a specific instance of private law that implies inclusion, sharing and co-existence instead of dominant paradigm of exclusion, transfer and externalizing costs. Filippo Valguarnera is one of these legal scholars. His work has been focused on the right-to-roam (Allemansrätten), the specific limit on property over land in Sweden and the corresponding access right for others. In his Belgrade lecture, professor Valguarnera will explore the causes of the lack of visibility of legal reality of commons and the benefits of overcoming it.
Aleksandar Stojanović (Collegio Carlo Alberto/ International University College of Turin).
The marginalization of commons by the legal ideal of strong and clear property rights
U seminaru učestvuju Márk Losoncz, Olga Nikolić, Aleksandar Matković, Đurđa Trajković i Irena Fiket (IFDT), Milica Kočović (Institut ekonomskih nauka), Iva Marković (Zelena omladina Srbije) i Vuk Vuković (Filozofski fakultet, Beograd). Moderator seminara je Igor Cvejić (IFDT).
Filipo Valguarnera (Filippo Valguarnera) je docent (senior lecturer) prava na Univerzitetu u Geteborgu. Doktorsku diplomu iz komparativnog prava je stekao na Univerzitetu u Firenci. Bio je gostujući predavač na Univerzitetima u Upsali i Njujorku, a pre zaposlenja u Geteborgu radio je na Univerzitetu Erebro. Objavio je dve knjige, Pravna tradicija nordijskih zemalja (2008) i Pristup prirodi između ideologije i prava (2014), kao i mnogobrojne značajne članke o teoriji svojine i građanskom procesnom pravu
3 (Friday) - 4 (Saturday)